Eunuchs and Concubines in the History of Islamic Southeast Asia
William Gervase Clarence-Smith,  Department of History, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
MANUSYA: Journal of Humanities, Special Issue No.14, 2007
In the early 17th century, male servant eunuchs were common, notably at the Persianised Acehnese court of Iskandar Muda.  By mid-century, the castration of male slaves mysteriously disappeared.  Concubinage, however, lasted much longer.  While there were sporadic attempts to stamp out abuses, for example sexual relations with pre-pubescent slave girls, and possibly, clitoridectomy, a reasoned rejection of the institution of concubinage on religious grounds failed to emerge. This paper discusses the sexual treatment of slaves across Islamic Southeast Asia, a subject which sheds important light on historical specificities pertaining to both Islam and sexuality in the region, yet which continues to be treated with silence, embarrassment or even scholarly condemnation. 

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