Budi as the Malay Mind
The word ‘budi’ originated from the Sanskrit word ‘buddhi’, which means wisdom,
understanding, or intellect. A Sanskrit-English Dictionary defines the meaning of buddhi as
‘the power of forming and retaining conceptions and general notions, intelligence, reason,
intellect, mind, discernment, judgment…’ (Monier-Williams 1956:733). However, once this
word was accepted as part of the Malay vocabulary, its meaning was extended to cover
ethics as well as intellect and reason, in order to accommodate the culture and thinking of
the Malays..

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