The annular confinement beam, or ACB for short, is an essential component of the Star Trek transporter system. This integrated component of the transporter's energizing coils creates a spatial matrix which ensures a transport object is confined to the necessary beam radius targeted by the molecular imaging scanners. This is essential in order for the subject to be safely dematerialized into a subatomic debonded matter stream. Generated by the primary energizing coils, the ACB confines the transporter matter stream when it is on its way to the target destination.
|Annular beam confinment is an actual
technique used in physics to produce 'bunched' annular electron beams
in high-power microwave (HPM) sources, such as relativistic klystron
amplifiers, relativistic klystron oscillators (RKO), and backward wave
oscillators (BWO). A klystron is a specialized linear-beam vacuum tube
that is used to amplify microwave and radio frequencies and high-power
carrier waves for communications and modern particle
accelerators. A backward wave oscillator (BWO), also called carcinotron
is a vacuum tube that is used to generate microwaves up to the
terahertz range and is used for a variety of military applications such
as radar jamming and tracking airborne targets.