The Sultan and the Missionary
By A C Milner
Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah's struggles to regain Kedah after the Siamese conquest in 1821 lasted 20 years and held the attention, not only of the Malays and Siamese, but also of the British community in the region. During Sultan Ahmad's exile in Penang, he became acquainted with an English missionary, Thomas Beighton and the missionary's letters frequently mention the Sultan. Beighton's letters provide a non-official, European perspective of the Sultan; they throw light on the Sultan's activities and moods during the period.